Coarse Fishing Tackle Shops

Common Bream

Scientific Name: Abramis brama
Maximum Weight: 16lb (7.2kg)
Maximum Length: 14-16in (35-40cm)
Average Size Caught: 3-4lb (1.4-1.8kg)
Life Span: 15-20 Years

The Common Bream is distributed throughout almost the whole of Europe, with the exception of northern Scandinavia, Scotland, the Pyrenean and Apennine peninsulas, and the western, and southern parts of the Balkan peninsula. It is a typical fish for the lower reaches of larger rivers, known as the bream zone. It also occurs in valley reservoirs, blind river arms, pools, ponds and lakes left behind in abandoned gravel quarries. It will even tolerate brackish water in the estuaries of some rivers. It keeps to deeper, open water, swimming to the bank at night or early in the evening in search of food, or in April to June for spawning. The females lay up to 587,000 eggs in 1-3 batches on aquatic plants, roots, or on a substitute substrate, for example gravel on the bottom of newly-built dams, or even on banks made of dumped quarried sharp-edged gravel. As spawning is collective and vigorous, injuries and the consequent death of large numbers of fish can occur when spawning on an unsuitable substrate. In order to protect the Common Bream, fishermen place artificial nests made of bound twigs, most frequently spruce, into waters without plant growth. At a temperature of 12 -16 C, the eggs develop and hatch in 3-4 days. The Common Bream ranks among the large fish species. In common with other species, growth of an individual depends on the abundance of the population, as well as on the abundance of other fish species competing for food. In case of a shortage of food or lack of predatory fishes, it forms slow-growing, stunted populations. It is an economically significant fish species. In central Europe in particular, it is used in fish farms and has tasty, relatively fatty meat.